Black Panther(T'Challa) is a fictional character appearing in comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character was created by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby and first appeared in Fantastic Four #52(1966).
Following his debut in Fantastic Four#52–53 (July–Aug. 1966) and subsequent guest appearance in Fantastic Four Annual #5 (1967) and with Captain America in Tales of Suspense#97–99 (Jan.–March 1968), the Black Panther jD #52 (May 1968), appearing in that comic for the next few years. During his time with the Avengers, he made solo guest-appearances in three issues of Daredevil, and fought Doctor Doom in Astonishing Tales#6–7 (June & Aug. 1971), in that supervillain's short-lived starring feature. He later returned in a guest-appearance capacity in Fantastic Four#119 (Feb. 1972) during which he briefly tried using the name Black Leopard to avoid connotations invoking the Black-militant political party the Black Panthers.
He received his first starring feature with Jungle Action#5 (July 1973), a reprint of the Panther-centric story in The Avengers#62 (March 1969). A new series began running the following issue, written by Don McGregor, with art by pencilers Rich Buckler, Gil Kane, and Billy Graham, and which gave inkers Klaus Janson and Bob McLeod some of their first professional exposure. The critically acclaimed series ran in Jungle Action#6–24 (Sept. 1973 – Nov. 1976).(1)
Fictional Character Biography
T'Challa is heir to the centuries-old ruling dynasty of the African kingdom Wakanda, and ritual leader of its Panther Clan. His mother died in childbirth, earning him the enduring hatred of his adopted elder brother, Hunter, who also resented T'Challa for supplanting him in the royal household. Hunter would become the White Wolf, leader of the Hatut Zeraze (Dogs of War), the Wakandan secret police. Their father T'Chaka remarried, but his second wife, Ramonda, seemingly ran away with another man when T'Challa was eight. When T'Challa was a teenager, T'Chaka was murdered by Klaw, a Dutchman seeking to plunder the rare Vibranium metal unique to Wakanda, but T'Challa used Klaw's own weapon to maim him and drive him off. T'Challa studied in Europe and America, then underwent ritual trials in Wakanda - including defeating his uncle S'yan, the existing Black Panther - to win the heart-shaped herb, enhancing his abilities and linking him spiritually to the Panther God Bast. Now Wakanda's ruler as the Black Panther, he disbanded and exiled the Hatut Zeraze and continued transforming his country into a high-tech wonderland. When tribal war broke out, T'Challa restored peace by condemning the Jabari tribe, and by picking Dora Milaje ("Adored Ones") from rival tribes to serve as his personal guard and ceremonial wives-in-training.(2)
Powers and Abilities
Black Panther has a number of abilities which he gets after undergoing a ritual and eating a special heart-shaped herb. His abilities: skilled hunter, tracker, strategist, politician, inventor, scientist, trained acrobat, martial artist, gymnast, superhuman senses, enhanced strength, speed, agility, stamina, durability, healing, reflexes, genius-level intellect.
He also uses a Vibranium laced suit which protects him from bullets and hard impact. Part of his suit is the Vibranium microweave mesh. The mesh robs incoming objects of their momentum;bullets do not ricochet off, but simply fall to the ground. The vibranium soles of his shoes allow him to run up the sides of buildings and and land from heights of 50 feet without making a sound. They also allow him to walk on water and rob the momentum of objects thrown at him. He even robbed the momentum of a car that was thrown at him by the Hulk.
Black Panther has a number of allies such as his love interest Monica Lynn, a U.S. state department employee Everett K. Ross, Shuri, T'Challa's sister and his advisor N'Gassi.
Over the years Black Panther has made a lot of enemies including Achebe, Erik Killmonger, Malice, Man-Ape, Ulysses Claw and White Wolf.
Captain America: Civil War(2016)
Captain America: Civil War is the first movie in which Black Panther debuted on the big screen. It is the 13th installment in the MCU. It was directed by the Russo Brothers(Anthony Russo and Joe Russo). The movie featured Robert Downey Jr. as Iron man, Chris Evans as Captain America, Scarlett Johannson as Natasha Romanoff/Black Widow, Jeremy Renner as Hawkeye, Don Cheadle as War Machine, Paul Bettany as Vision, Elizabeth Olsen as Scarlet Witch,Chadwick Boseman as Black Panther and Tom Holland as Spider-man. The movie was a huge hit, it performed extremely well financially and critically. It is considered to be the best superhero movie. Many fans and critics were mind-blown by Black Panther and appreciated Chadwick Boseman's acting.